AskDefine | Define near

Dictionary Definition

near adj
1 not far distant in time or space or degree or circumstances; "near neighbors"; "in the near future"; "they are near equals"; "his nearest approach to success"; "a very near thing"; "a near hit by the bomb"; "she was near tears"; "she was close to tears"; "had a close call" [syn: close] [ant: far]
2 being on the left side; "the near or nigh horse is the one on the left"; "the animal's left side is its near or nigh side" [syn: near(a), nigh(a)]
3 closely resembling the genuine article; "near beer"; "a dress of near satin"
4 giving or spending with reluctance; "our cheeseparing administration"; "very close (or near) with his money"; "a penny-pinching miserly old man" [syn: cheeseparing, close, penny-pinching]
5 with or in a close or intimate relationship; "a good friend"; "my sisters and brothers are near and dear" [syn: dear, good]
6 very close in resemblance; "sketched in an approximate likeness"; "a near likeness" [syn: approximate] adv
1 near in time or place or relationship; "as the wedding day drew near"; "stood near the door"; "don't shoot until they come near"; "getting near to the true explanation"; "her mother is always near"; "The end draws nigh"; "the bullet didn't come close"; "don't get too close to the fire" [syn: nigh, close]
2 (of actions or states) slightly short of or not quite accomplished; `near' is sometimes used informally for `nearly' and `most' is sometimes used informally for `almost'; "the job is (just) about done"; "the baby was almost asleep when the alarm sounded"; "we're almost finished"; "the car all but ran her down"; "he nearly fainted"; "talked for nigh onto 2 hours"; "the recording is well-nigh perfect"; "virtually all the parties signed the contract"; "I was near exhausted by the run"; "most everyone agrees" [syn: about, just about, almost, most, all but, nearly, nigh, virtually, well-nigh] v : move towards; "We were approaching our destination"; "They are drawing near"; "The enemy army came nearer and nearer" [syn: approach, come on, go up, draw near, draw close, come near]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

  • a UK /nɪə(ɹ)/, /nI@(\r)/
  • a US /nɪɹ/, /nIr\/
  • Rhymes: -ɪə(r)

Etymology

Middle English from Old Norse nær

Adjective

en-adj er
  1. In the context of "of an animate or inanimate object": physically close.
  2. In the context of "of an event": approaching
    The end is near.

Antonyms

Translations

physically close
  • Arabic: (qarīb)
  • Chinese: (jìn)
  • Czech: blízký
  • Esperanto: proksima
  • Finnish: läheinen
  • French: près, proche
  • German: nahe
  • Hungarian: közel
  • Ido: proxim
  • Italian: vicino
  • Japanese: 近い (ちかい, chikai)
  • Korean: 가깝다 (gakkapda)
  • Kurdish:
    Sorani: نزیک
  • Old English: neah
  • Polish: bliski
  • Portuguese: perto, próximo
  • Russian: близкий
  • Scottish Gaelic: dlùth
  • Spanish: cerca
  • Swedish: nära
  • Telugu: దగ్గర (daggara)
  • Venetian: vissin
  • Vietnamese: gần

Adverb

en-adv er
  1. Having a small intervening distance with regard to something.
    I'm near sighted.
  2. nearly
    • 1666 Samuel Pepys Diary and Correspondence (1867)
      ...he hears for certain that the Queen-Mother is about and hath near finished a peace with France....
    • 1825 David Hume, Tobias George Smollett The History of England p. 263
      Sir John Friend had very near completed a regiment of horse.
    • 2003 Owen Parry Honor's Kingdom p. 365
      Thinking about those pounds and pence, I near forgot my wound.
    • 2004 Jimmy Buffett A Salty Piece of Land p. 315, p. 35
      "I damn near forgot." He pulled an envelope from his jacket.
    • 2006 Juliet Marillier The Dark Mirror p. 377
      The fire was almost dead, the chamber near dark.

Translations

Having a small intervening distance with regard to something.

Preposition

  1. close to, in close proximity to.
    We sat near the front.
  2. imminent, close to in time.
    The voyage was near completion.

Antonyms

Translations

in close proximity to
  • Arabic: (‘inda)
  • French: près de
  • Kurdish: , ,
  • Old English: neah
  • Spanish: cerca de
  • Vietnamese: gần

Verb

  1. To decrease the distance to something.

Translations

decrease distance
  • Czech: blížit
  • Dutch: naderen, dichterbijkomen
  • Finnish: lähestyä
  • French: approcher
  • Icelandic: nálgast
  • Italian: avvicinare
  • Kurdish:
    Sorani: نزیک بوونه‌وه
  • Portuguese: aproximar
  • Spanish: aproximar, acercar

Extensive Definition

Near may refer to:
near in French: NEAR
near in Japanese: ニア

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

about, about to be, abutting, accost, adjacent, adjoining, advance, advancing, all but, almost, along toward, already in sight, among, angustifoliate, angustirostrate, angustisellate, angustiseptal, anticipate, ape, appear like, approach, approaching, appropinquate, approximate, approximating, approximative, arm-in-arm, around, as good as, aside, at, at close quarters, at hand, at next hand, attached, attracted to, avaricious, await, be destined, be fated, be imminent, be in store, be like, be redolent of, be to be, be to come, bear down on, bear down upon, bear resemblance, bear up, beside, bordering on, brew, brewing, bring to mind, burning, by, call to mind, call up, cheap, cheek-by-jowl, circa, circumscribed, close, close about, close at hand, close by, close in, close to, close upon, close with, close-by, close-fitting, closefisted, closely, come, come close, come closer, come forward, come near, come on, come up, coming, comparable, compare with, confined, confront, connected, constricted, contiguous, converge, copy, correspond, counterclockwise, counterfeit, cramp, cramped, crowded, draw near, draw nigh, draw on, drawn to, encounter, equal, evoke, expect, face, familiar, fast by, favor, follow, foresee, foretell, forthcome, forthcoming, from, future, gain upon, gather, gathering, going to happen, hairbreadth, hand and glove, hand-in-hand, hang over, hard, hard by, hard on, hardfisted, hereabout, hereabouts, homologous, hope, hot, hover, illiberal, imitate, immediate, imminent, impend, impendent, impending, in, in danger imminent, in prospect, in reserve, in spitting distance, in store, in the cards, in the offing, in the wind, in view, incapacious, incommodious, inseparable, instant, intimate, isthmian, isthmic, just about, larboard, lean towards, left, left-hand, left-wing, left-wingish, levorotatory, liberal, lie ahead, lie over, like, limited, look for, look forward to, look like, loom, looming, lower, lowering, lurking, match, meager, mean, menace, menacing, mimic, mirror, miserly, much at one, much the same, narrow, narrow the gap, near at hand, near the mark, near to, near upon, nearabout, nearabouts, nearby, nearing, nearish, nearly, nearly reproduce, nearly the same, next door to, next to, niggardly, nigh, nigh about, nighhand, nighish, not far, not far from, not quite, not tell apart, on, on the horizon, oncoming, only a step, overhang, overhanging, parallel, parsimonious, partake of, penny-pinching, penurious, pinchfisted, pinching, plan, plot, port, predict, preparing, pretty near, project, prophesy, propinque, proximal, proximate, quasi, radical, relatable, related, relative, remind one of, resemble, restricted, rival, round, same but different, save-all, savor of, scant, scanty, seem like, selfish, side-by-side, sidle up to, similar, simulate, sinister, sinistral, sinistrocerebral, sinistrocular, sinistrogyrate, sinistrorse, slender, smack of, sound like, stack up with, step up, stingy, strait, suggest, take after, that will be, thereabout, thereabouts, thick, thick as thieves, threaten, threatening, tight, tight-fisted, tightfisted, to, to come, touch, toward, ungenerous, upcoming, verge on, verging on, verging upon, vicinal, virtually, waiting, warm, well-nigh, with, within call, within earshot, within hearing, within reach, within sight
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